COĞRAFYAMIZIN KIRIK CAMLARI

Kendi hayatınızda da deneyimlemişsinizdir. Normalde çevre kirliliğini önemsemeyen, yere tek tük de olsa çöp atan biri iseniz temiz, düzenli bir mahalleye, şehre veya ülkeye gittiğinizde bunu yapmaya çekinirsiniz. Veya en azından yere çöp atmamak için kendinizi biraz daha zorlarsınız. O bölgenin belli kuralları, ceza hukuku olmasından bahsetmiyorum, çekinme sebebiniz başka.

Yine ayrıca normalde çevre temizliğine önem veren, yere çöp atmayan biri iseniz sürekli çöplerin olduğu, yerlerin kirli olduğu bir kenar mahalleye, şehre veya ülkeye gittiğinizde ise eğer yakınınızda çöp kutusu da yoksa elinizdeki çöpü yere atmaya meyillisinizdir. “Ya zaten ne de olsa her yer kirli” mantığı devreye girer.

Yine örneğin normalde “canım sıkıldı ya şu karşıdaki evin camını kırayım” demezsiniz. Ama terk edilmiş, camları kırık harabe bir fabrika veya ev gördüğünüzde sizde de, sağlam kalan camlardan birini kırma isteği uyanır.Veya çok umursamaz biri iseniz, siz kırmasanız da kıran birine tepki göstermezsiniz.

Peki terkedilmiş harabe bir evin camını kırmak ile mahallenizdeki temiz, sağlam bir evin camını kırmak arasında nasıl bir fark var?

Ev sahibinden korkma kısmını geçin varsayalım ki mahallenizdeki o evin de bir sahibi yok. Aslında bunun kriminolojide bir ismi var; Kırık camlar teorisi. James Wilson, George Kelling gibi sosyal bilimciler tarafından üzerine makaleler yazılmış önemli bir konu kırık camlar teorisi. Nitekim bunun farkına varan yöneticiler buna göre önlemini de alıyor. Önlem ise tıptaki “erken müdahale hayat kurtarır” mottosu ile aynı mantıkta

Örneğin mahallenizde sahipsiz bir evin camı mı kırıldı mahallenin diğer üyeleri olarak hemen yeni cam taktıracaksınız. Bir direğin veya sokağın köşesine çöp mü bırakıldı o çöpü hemen ordan kaldıracaksınız. Aksi takdirde o sahipsiz ev, serserilerin uğradığı bir mekan haline gelirken kaldırmadığınız çöpün yeri de çöplüğe dönüşür. Ki bir kişi çöp bıraktı ise mutlaka ikinci bir kişi de bırakacaktır. Kısacası eğer siz mahallenize, şehrinize saygı göstermezseniz dışardan gelen biri de göstermez. Eğer siz mahallenizi kirletiyorsanız normalde yere çöp atmayan biri de sizin mahalleden geçerken o çöpü yere atar.

Peki kırık camlar teorisi sadece bu kadarını mı kapsıyor? Bence hayır, insanlar arasındaki saygıda aynı durum geçerli. Eğer siz kendinize saygı göstermiyorsanız örneğin bir duruşunuz, ağırlığınız yoksa başkası da size saygı göstermez. Siz kendinize hangi değeri biçiyorsanız başkası da size o değeri biçer. Kısacası saygı görmek istiyorsanız önce özsaygıya sahip olmanız gerekir.

Peki hepimizin merak ettiği bir soru daha var; Neden Ortadoğu’da savaştan veya herhangi bir eylemden ölen biri Avrupa’da ölen insan kadar ses getirmiyor.

Neden Suriye’de savaş olmasını artık kanıksamış iken Norveç’in ortasında savaş olması bize ilginç geliyor? Aslında sanırım aynı sorun geçerli.Yazının başlarında hatırlarsanız harabe bir evin camını kırmak ile düzenli, temiz bir evin camını kırmak arasındaki farkı sormuştuk. Şimdi benzer bir soru soralım; bir Avrupalı için Paris’in ortasında 10 insan ölmesi büyük bir sorun iken neden Suriye’de 1000 insan ölmesi sorun değil?

Aslında sadece bir Avrupalı için değil bizim için de aynı soru geçerli. Çünkü mahalle sakinleri olarak biz de onlarla aynı seviyeye geldik. Cevap belli gibi; çünkü bizim zaten kendi insanımıza, kendi bölgemize saygımız yok. Çünkü biz kendi mahallemize çöp dökmeye alışkınız, bir Avrupalı’nın da mahallemizden geçerken yere çöp atmasına şaşırmıyoruz. Çünkü biz kendi camımızı hemen tamir etmedik.

COĞRAFYAMIZIN KIRIK CAMLARI

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